With the help of psychiatric medications, many people with mental illness have gone on to live fulfilling lives. There is a wide range of safe and effective medications available to treat mental illnesses and it is important to know the medications prescribed to you.
Besides knowing what they are and what symptoms they treat, it is good to be aware of some of the side effects so that you would be able to talk to your doctor about them. Adhering to medication dosages and schedules is important.
If you wish to adjust the medication routine, please consult your healthcare professional. The information provided on this page does not replace information from your healthcare professional.
The following medications available in IMH are grouped under their respective categories. Learn more about your medications, their uses, precautions, side effects and proper storage.
For medications not found on this page, you may seek more info here – A-Z Glossary - HealthHub.
If you have further queries or feedback on medications, you may contact us here.
Antidepressants are primarily used to treat symptoms of depression like
persistent feelings of sadness, significant loss of interest in daily activities,
appetite and weight changes, disruptions to sleep pattern and thoughts of
self-harm or suicide. They act by regulating certain neurotransmitter levels in
They are also used to treat other conditions, like anxiety disorders and
There are many different types of antidepressants, grouped under their respective classes:
Sertraline 如果您需要 SSRIs 华文信息，请点击这里。
Benzodiazepines, Z-hypnotics and Antihistamines are some classes of medications that are used in the acute treatment of anxiety and insomnia (difficulty sleeping). Some of the medications may have other uses. For example,
Hydroxyzine may also be used to relieve skin itch, while some Benzodiazepines may also be used to prevent or control seizures.
如果您需要 Benzodiazepines 华文信息，请点击这里。
Antipsychotics are used to treat and prevent the recurrence of symptoms of
psychosis in schizophrenia. These include hearing or seeing things which
are actually not present, disorganised or unreal thoughts, suspiciousness or uncontrollable anger. Some antipsychotics can be used for mood swings in bipolar disorders or depression, as well as irritability of agitation in persons with autism. They can be divided into two groups, namely the typical and atypical
*Available in depot (prolonged-acting) injection formulation
1. TYPICAL (FIRST GENERATION)
如果您需要 typical antipsychotics 华文信息，请点击这里。
Clozapine 如果您需要 Clozapine 华文信息，请点击这里。
Olanzapine 如果您需要 Olanzapine 华文信息，请点击这里。
Quetiapine 如果您需要 Quetiapine 华文信息，请点击这里。
Risperidone* 如果您需要 Risperidone 华文信息，请点击这里。
Benzhexol and Benztropine are two types of anticholinergic medications used to control some of the side effects that can occur from taking antipsychotic medications. These side effects
include tremors, muscle stiffness and movement difficulties. They may also be
used to control movement difficulties associated with Parkinson’s disease.
Mood stabilisers are used primarily to reduce the severity of mood swings
in bipolar and other types of mood disorders. Besides Lithium,
the other mood stabilisers can also be used to control seizures (fits)
in the treatment of epilepsy and in other medical conditions.
Dementia medications are used to treat the symptoms of dementia in
Alzheimer’s disease. These include difficulty remembering recent events,
activities, or the names of familiar people or things, problems with thinking,
speaking, understanding, reading or writing, poor concentration or judgment. They do not cure or stop the disease from getting worse but can help improve
the patient’s ability to think and perform daily activities.
**Available in oral and skin patch formulation
Methylphenidate, Atomoxetine and Guanfacine are medcations used alongside other
educational, social and psychological methods to treat ADHD. Methylphenidate, a common preferred treatment option, is a central nervous
system (CNS) stimulant that increases dopamine amounts in the brain. These medications work by increasing the amounts of certain neurotransmitters in the brain to help improve attention and decrease restlessness
in individuals with ADHD who tend to be hyperactive, easily distracted and impulsive.
Medications may be used as an adjunct in the treatment of
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