About one in 150 children in Singapore has Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Persons with ASD have difficulties understanding the perspectives and emotions of other people. They may not understand social norms and cues, and may appear to be inflexible and need to do things in specific ways.
ASD is a range of developmental disorders. Some examples of ASD include Autism, Asperger's syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder and Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDDNOS).
The ABCs of ASD (Children)
The ABCs of ASD (Adults)
To learn more about ASD in adults, refer to Adult Neurodevelopmental Service - IMH | Institute of Mental Health.
Typically, symptoms are present from the early developmental years. However, in some cases, the symptoms may not be overserved till the child is older – when social demands exceed the child’s ability to cope. The symptoms often persist into adolescences and adulthood.
Persons with ASD may experience a range of the following challenges:
Difficulties in social communication
Restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviours, interests and activities
With appropriate intervention, education and support, individuals with ASD can show marked improvement in their ability to live a full life and manage their challenges despite there being no cure for developmental disabilities.
The goals of managing ASD are to facilitate normal development in learning, language and social skills, reduce autism-specific behaviours such as rigidity, repetitive movements, hyperactivity, irritability and alleviate burden for the family.
For children with ASD, it is important to find an appropriate school and to use specific strategies to facilitate their learning of social and communication skills. Occupational therapy and speech therapy may also complement the child’s learning needs.
For preschoolers, developmental paediatricians, such as doctors at the KKH Department of Child Development and the NUH Child Development Unit would be able to assess these concerns.
For school-going children and adolescents from 6 – 18 years old, the IMH Neuro-Behavioural Clinic offers autism diagnostic services and interventions for co-morbid mental health concerns. To make an appointment to see a doctor at the Child Guidance Clinic, please call 6389 2200 or email HPB@imh.com.sg for enquiries.
For adults with Intellectual Disability (ID) and/or ASD with co-occurring mental health conditions, the Adult Neurodevelopmental Service (ANDS) provides assessment and treatment. For more info, visit Adult Neurodevelopmental Service - IMH | Institute of Mental Health
The Neuro-Behavioural Clinic is a multidisciplinary team consisting of psychiatrists and allied health specialists such as psychologist, social workers and occupational therapist. The clinic provides autism assessment services and evidence-based intervention, with research being one of our primary foci.
We work with children and youth diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders between five and 19 years old. These services include:
To make an appointment to see a doctor, please call 6389 2200. Referrals for assessment or intervention are accepted through a doctor from the Child Guidance Clinic only. For further enquiries, you may email us at HPB@imh.com.sg.
10 Buangkok ViewSingapore 539747